Cytochrome P450 enzymes are essential to metabolise many medications.
Cytochrome P450 enzymes can be inhibited or induced by some drugs, resulting in significant drug interactions that can cause unanticipated adverse reactions or therapeutic failures.
An easy way to remember the mnemonic is; CRAP GPs spend all day on SICKFACES.com.
Cytochrome P450 Inducers
Cytochrome P450 inducers reduce the concentration of drugs metabolised by the cytochrome P450 system.
The mnemonic CRAP GPs can be used to easily remember common cytochrome P450 inhibitors.
Cytochrome P450 Inhibitors
Cytochrome P450 inhibitors increase the concentration of drugs metabolised by the cytochrome P450 system.
The mnemonic SICKFACES.COM can be used to easily remember common cytochrome P450 inhibitors.
- Sodium valproate
- Alcohol & Grapefruit juice
Exampled of drugs that commonly interact with cytochrome P450 enzyme inhibitors and inducers are; Warfarin the Combined Contraceptive Pill, Theophylline, Corticosteroids, Tricyclics, Pethidine, and Statins.